RSISSC REU Site Project Themes

Project Theme I: Resilient and Sustainable Civil Infrastructure Systems

The safety and economic vitality of society depends upon reliable infrastructure systems – road and bridge systems, water systems and power systems – that are the subject of focused research activities at Ohio State. Increasingly, infrastructure systems in cities are exposed to a myriad of stresses that may decrease reliability through physical damage to infrastructure components. Causes include aging and deterioration, natural hazards that are amplified by climate change, manmade hazards and effects of growing interdependencies between infrastructure systems. In this theme, students learn about the complex challenges of managing infrastructures systems, techniques to minimize the environmental footprint associated with constructing and repairing infrastructure, and non-invasive strategies to monitor infrastructure performance.

Project Theme II: Geospatial Data Collection and Analysis for Smart Cities

Geographical Information System (GIS) is an essential component for smart cities. The emerging diversity of remote sensing platforms and sensor technologies offers many choices for generating and processing geospatial data. Full integration of these techniques to provide useable observations for data-driven decisions of city management are still hampered by complex challenges in data fusion, integration and analytics. Surmounting these challenges opens new opportunities for such applications such as large scale urban/environment/transportation monitoring, city modeling, scene/traffic understanding, indoor/outdoor mapping, navigation, or precision agriculture.

In this theme, students explore different types of data collection systems using both professional-grade and low-cost products, processing algorithms, and applications of geospatial and traffic data analysis can support decision making in smart cities.

Project Theme III: Smart and Sustainable Public Health Protection

Public health outcomes in urban environments are compromised increasingly by aging water infrastructure, dense vehicle traffic loads, and poor housing design decisions. Mitigating contaminant exposures proves challenging in that acute events are episodic in nature and may be driven by natural processes. Examples include toxins in drinking water that derive from the overgrowth of algae in water reservoirs, mold and fungal growth on household material surfaces following flooding events, and atmospheric inversions that can trap exhaust byproducts close to the ground. Population impacts from contaminant exposures often have an element of environmental justice wherein disproportionate impacts occur based on socioeconomic status and race. In this theme, participants learn about reducing the expense of public health protection by preventative source treatment, adaptive treatment strategies and low-cost post-monitoring efforts.

Project Theme IV: Resilient and Sustainable Energy System for Smart Cities

Resilient and sustainable energy systems play a vital role in smart cities. Energy demand continues to increase in cities, with correspondingly greater impacts on climate change through the strong reliance on fossil-fuel sources for energy generation. The reliability of aging energy networks is further stressed by climate-driven natural hazards that can trigger expansive power outages.

Maintaining the safety and security of the public with a reliable energy supply requires new strategies for optimal management of existing energy capacity, coupled with innovative designs to shift the energy generation profile towards sources with lower environmental impacts, such as wind and solar [16,17]. In this theme, students will explore advanced energy modelling and simulation tools to assess the technological and policy impacts of smart energy management solutions, as well as to plan effective ways for transitioning to smarter cities.

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Application deadline

April 16, 2023


Please direct questions about CEGE's RSISSC Site to:

Jieun Hur

Assistant Professor of Practice