You are here

Jeffrey Bielicki

  • Assistant Professor, Knowlton Schl of Architecture
  • Assistant Professor, Civil, Envir & Geod Eng
  • Assistant Professor
  • 614-688-2131
    483B Hitchcock Hall
    Columbus, OH 43210
  • 483B Hitchcock Hall
    2070 Neil Avenue
  • 614-688-2131

About

Research Interests

  • Interactions between Energy and Environmental Systems and Policy
  • Carbon Management
  • Energy-Water Nexus
  • Renewable Energy
  • Integrated Assessment
  • Climate Change Adaptation, Mitigation, and Governance
  • Risks of Emerging Subsurface Technologies

 

Jeffrey Bielicki CV

Honors

  • 2017

    Lumley Research Award, College of Engineering, The Ohio State University.

  • 2016

    Semi-Finalist (Team TeraCOH), Carbon XPrize, XPrize Foundation.

  • 2015

    Best Paper Presentations Award (co-author), Geothermal Resources Council Annual Meeting.

  • 2014

    Best Paper Presentations Award (co-author), Geothermal Resources Council Annual Meeting.

  • 2013

    Best Paper Presentations Award (co-author), Geothermal Resources Council Annual Meeting.

  • 2011

    Outstanding Post-Doctoral Scholar Award, University of Minnesota.

  • 2009

    Alvin C. Weinberg Fellowship, Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

  • 2004

    Joseph G. Crump Fellowship, Environment and Natural Resources Program, Harvard University.

  • 1997

    American Mensa.

  • 1996

    Engineer in Training (EIT).

  • 1992

    Herman C. Hesse Freshman Engineering Student of the Year, Valparaiso University.

Chapters

2016

2007

Unknown

  • "Nature and Human Well-Being: The Role of Environmental Law." In Oxford Textbook of Nature and Public Health, edited by Van den Bosch, M.; Bird, W.,

Journal Articles

2016

2015

2014

2013

2012

2011

2009

1998

Presentations

Papers in Proceedings

2017

  • Hunter, K.; Bielicki, J.M.; Middleton, R.; Stauffer, P. et al. "Integrated CO2 Storage and Brine Extraction." in 13th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT). (1 2017).
  • Langenfeld, J.K.; Bielicki, J.M.; Tao, Z.; Middleton, R.S. et al. "Response of Integrated CO2 Capture and Storage Systems in Saline Aquifers and Fractured Shale Formations to Changes in CO2 Capture Costs." (1 2017).
  • Midldeton, R.S.; Levine, J.S.; Bielicki, J.M.; Stauffer, P.H. "Industrial CO2 and carbon capture: near-term benefit, long-term necessity." (1 2017).
  • Buscheck, T.A.; Bielicki, J.M.; White, J.A.; Sun, Y. et al. "Managing Geologic CO2 Storage with Pre-Injection Brine Production in Tandem Reservoirs." in 13th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT). (1 2017).
  • Buscheck, T.A.; Bielicki, J.M.; Randolph, J.B. "CO2 Earth Storage: Enhanced Geothermal Energy and Water Recovery and Energy Storage." in 13th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT). (1 2017).
  • Bielicki, J.M.; Deng, H.; Fitts, J.P.; Peters, C.A. et al. "Monetizing Leakage Risk with Secondary Trapping in Intervening Stratigraphic Layers." in 13th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT). (1 2017).
  • Dai, Z.; Zhang, Y.; Stauffer, P.; Xiao, T. et al. "Injectivity Evaluation for Offshore CO2 Sequestration in Marine Sediments." in 13th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT). (1 2017).
  • Dai, Z.; Zhang, Y.; Stauffer, P.; Xiao, T. et al. "Injectivity Evaluation for Offshore CO2 Sequestration in Marine Sediments." (1 2017).
  • Buscheck, T.A.; Bielicki, J.M.; Randolph, J.B. "CO2 Earth Storage: Enhanced Geothermal Energy and Water Recovery and Energy Storage." (1 2017).
  • Langenfeld, J.K.; Bielicki, J.M.; Tao, Z.; Middleton, R.S. et al. "Response of Integrated CO2Capture and Storage Systems in Saline Aquifers and Fractured Shale Formations to Changes in CO2Capture Costs." (1 2017).
  • Midldeton, R.S.; Levine, J.S.; Bielicki, J.M.; Stauffer, P.H. "Industrial CO2and Carbon Capture: Near-term Benefit, Long-term Necessity." (1 2017).
  • Dai, Z.; Zhang, Y.; Stauffer, P.; Xiao, T. et al. "Injectivity Evaluation for Offshore CO2 Sequestration in Marine Sediments." (1 2017).
  • Buscheck, T.A.; Bielicki, J.M.; White, J.A.; Sun, Y. et al. "Managing Geologic CO2Storage with Pre-injection Brine Production in Tandem Reservoirs." (1 2017).
  • Bielicki, J.M.; Deng, H.; Fitts, J.P.; Peters, C.A. et al. "Monetizing Leakage Risk with Secondary Trapping in Intervening Stratigraphic Layers." (1 2017).
  • Buscheck, T.A.; Bielicki, J.M.; White, J.A.; Sun, Y. et al. "Managing Geologic CO2 Storage with Pre-Injection Brine Production in Tandem Reservoirs." (1 2017).
  • Hunter, K.; Bielicki, J.M.; Middleton, R.; Stauffer, P. et al. "Integrated CO2 Storage and Brine Extraction." (1 2017).
  • Midldeton, R.S.; Levine, J.S.; Bielicki, J.M.; Stauffer, P.H. "Industrial CO2 and carbon capture: near-term benefit, long-term necessity." in 13th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT). (1 2017).
  • Bielicki, J.M.; Deng, H.; Fitts, J.P.; Peters, C.A. et al. "Monetizing Leakage Risk with Secondary Trapping in Intervening Stratigraphic Layers." (1 2017).
  • Langenfeld, J.K.; Bielicki, J.M.; Tao, Z.; Middleton, R.S. et al. "Response of Integrated CO2 Capture and Storage Systems in Saline Aquifers and Fractured Shale Formations to Changes in CO2 Capture Costs." in 13th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT). (1 2017).

2016

2015

2014

  • Buscheck, T.A.; Bielicki, J.M.; Chen, M.; Sun, Y. et al. "Integrating CO2 storage with geothermal resources for dispatchable renewable electricity." (1 2014).
  • Deng, H.; Bielicki, J.M.; Oppenheimer, M.; Fitts, J.P. et al. "Policy implications of monetized leakage risk from geologic CO2 storage reservoirs." (1 2014).
  • Tao, Z.; Bielicki, J.M.; Clarens, A.F. "Physicochemical factors impacting CO2 sequestration in depleted shale formations: The case of the Utica shale." (1 2014).
  • Deng, H.; Bielicki, J.M.; Oppenheimer, M.; Fitts, J.P. et al. "Policy implications of Monetized Leakage Risk from Geologic CO2 Storage Reservoirs." (1 2014).
  • Bielicki, J.M.; Clarens, A.F.; Middleton, R.S.; Liu, X. et al. "Shifting Sands in a CO2 Desert: Replacing Extracted CO2 with By-product CO2 for Use in Enhanced Oil Recovery." in 12th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT). (1 2014).
  • Bielicki, J.M.; Middleton, R.S.; Levine, J.S.; Stauffer, P. "An Alternative Pathway for Stimulating Regional Deployment of Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage." (1 2014).
  • Buscheck, T.A.; Bielicki, J.M.; Chen, M.; Sun, Y. et al. "Integrating CO2 Storage with Geothermal Resources for Dispatchable Renewable Electricity." (1 2014).
  • Buscheck, T., Bielicki, J., Chen, M., Sun, Y., Hao, Y., Edmunds, T., Saar, M., Randolph, J. Integrating CO2 Storage with Geothermal Resources for Dispatchable Renewable Electricity. in 12th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.796, (1 2014).
  • Buscheck, T.A.; White, J.A.; Chen, M.; Sun, Y. et al. "Pre-Injection Brine Production for Managing Pressure in Compartmentalized CO2 Storage Reservoirs." (1 2014).
  • Edmunds, T.A.; Sotorrio, P.; Bielicki, J.M.; Buscheck, T.A. "Geothermal power for integration of intermittent generation." (1 2014).
  • Tao, Z.; Bielicki, J.M.; Clarens, A.F. "Physicochemical factors impacting CO2 sequestration in depleted shale formations: The case of the Utica shale." (1 2014).
  • Bielicki, J.M.; Clarens, A.F.; Middleton, R.S.; Liu, X. et al. "Shifting sands in a CO2 desert: Replacing extracted CO2 with byproduct CO2 for use in enhanced oil recovery." (1 2014).
  • Buscheck, T.A.; White, J.A.; Chen, M.; Sun, Y. et al. "Pre-Injection Brine Production for Managing Pressure in Compartmentalized CO2 Storage Reservoirs." in 12th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT). (1 2014).
  • Bielicki, J.M.; Middleton, R.S.; Levine, J.S.; Stauffer, P. "An alternative pathway for stimulating regional deployment of carbon dioxide capture and storage." (1 2014).
  • Bielicki, J.M.; Clarens, A.F.; Middleton, R.S.; Liu, X. et al. "Shifting Sands in a CO2 Desert: Replacing Extracted CO2 with By-product CO2 for Use in Enhanced Oil Recovery." (1 2014).
  • Buscheck, T.A.; White, J.A.; Chen, M.; Sun, Y. et al. "Pre-Injection Brine Production for Managing Pressure in Compartmentalized CO2 Storage Reservoirs." (1 2014).
  • Deng, H.; Bielicki, J.M.; Oppenheimer, M.; Fitts, J.P. et al. "Policy implications of Monetized Leakage Risk from Geologic CO2 Storage Reservoirs." (1 2014).
  • Deng, H.; Bielicki, J.M.; Oppenheimer, M.; Fitts, J.P. et al. "Policy implications of Monetized Leakage Risk from Geologic CO2 Storage Reservoirs." in 12th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT). (1 2014).
  • Buscheck, T., White, J., Chen, M., Sun, Y., Hao, Y., Aines, R., Bourcier, W., Bielicki, J. Pre-Injection Brine Production for Managing Pressure in Compartmentalized CO2 Storage Reservoirs. in 12th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.565, (1 2014).
  • Buscheck, T.A.; Bielicki, J.M.; Chen, M.; Sun, Y. et al. "Integrating CO2 Storage with Geothermal Resources for Dispatchable Renewable Electricity." (1 2014).
  • Edmunds, T., Sotorrio, P., Bielicki, J., Buscheck, T. Geothermal Power for Integration of Intermittent Generation. in 38th Geothermal Resources Council Meeting. https://e-reports-ext.llnl.gov/pdf/776358.pdf, (10 2014).
  • Deng, H., Bielicki, J.M., Oppenheimer, M., Fitts, J.P., Peters, C.A. Policy Implications of Monetized Leakage Risk from Geologic CO2 Storage Reservoirs. in 12th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.719, (1 2014).
  • Bielicki, J., Middleton, R., Levine, J., Stauffer, P. An Alternative Pathway for Stimulating Regional Deployment of Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage. in 12th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.757, (1 2014).
  • Buscheck, T.A.; White, J.A.; Chen, M.; Sun, Y. et al. "Pre-injection Brine Production for Managing Pressure in Compartmentalized CO2 Storage Reservoirs." (1 2014).
  • Buscheck, T., Bielicki, J., Randolph, J., Chen, M., Hao, Y., Edmunds, T., Adams, B., Sun, Y. Multi-Fluid Geothermal Energy Systems in Stratigraphic Reservoirs: Using Brine, N2, and CO2 for Dispatchable Renewable Power Generation and Bulk Energy Storage. in 39th Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering. https://pangea.stanford.edu/ERE/pdf/IGAstandard/SGW/2014/Buscheck.pdf, (2 2014).
  • Tao, Z., Bielicki, J., Clarens, A. Physicochemical Factors Impacting CO2 Sequestration in Depleted Shale Formations: The Case of the Utica Shale. in 12th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.545, (1 2014).
  • Buscheck, T.A.; Bielicki, J.M.; Chen, M.; Sun, Y. et al. "Integrating CO2 Storage with Geothermal Resources for Dispatchable Renewable Electricity." in 12th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT). (1 2014).
  • Tao, Z.; Bielicki, J.M.; Clarens, A.F. "Physicochemical factors impacting CO2 sequestration in depleted shale formations: The case of the Utica shale." in 12th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT). (1 2014).
  • Bielicki, J.M.; Middleton, R.S.; Levine, J.S.; Stauffer, P. "An Alternative Pathway for Stimulating Regional Deployment of Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage." in 12th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT). (1 2014).
  • Bielicki, J., Clarens, A.; Middleton, R., Liu, X., Levine, J., Barbosa de Carvalho, M., Giovanini Junior, N. Shifting Sands in a CO2 Desert: Replacing Extracted CO2 with By-product CO2 for Use in Enhanced Oil Recovery. in 12th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.692, (1 2014).

2013

  • Bielicki, J., Pollak, M., Wilson, E., Fitts, J., Peters, C. A Methodology for Monetizing Basin-Scale Leakage Risk and Stakeholder Impacts. in International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Technologies (GHGT). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2013.06.375, (5 2013).
  • Randolph, J.B.; Saar, M.O.; Bielicki, J. "Geothermal energy production at geologic CO2 sequestration sites: Impact of thermal drawdown on reservoir pressure." (1 2013).
  • Pollak, M., Bielicki, J., Dammel, J., Wilson, E., Fitts, J., Peters, C. The Leakage Impact Valuation (LIV) Method for Leakage from Geologic CO2 Storage Reservoirs. in 11th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Technologies. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2013.06.167, (5 2013).
  • Buscheck, T.A.; Chen, M.; Hao, Y.; Bielicki, J.M. et al. "Multi-fluid geothermal energy production and storage in stratigraphic reservoirs." (12 2013).
  • Bielicki, J.M.; Pollak, M.F.; Wilson, E.J.; Fitts, J.P. et al. "A Methodology for Monetizing Basin-Scale Leakage Risk and Stakeholder Impacts." (1 2013).
  • Randolph, J.B.; Saar, M.O.; Bielicki, J. "Geothermal energy production at geologic CO2 sequestration sites: Impact of thermal drawdown on reservoir pressure." in International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Technologies (GHGT). (1 2013).
  • Pollak, M.F.; Bielicki, J.M.; Dammel, J.A.; Wilson, E.J. et al. "The Leakage Impact Valuation (LIV) Method for Leakage from Geologic CO2 Storage Reservoirs." in International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Technologies (GHGT). (1 2013).
  • Buscheck, T., Chen, M., Le, C., Sun, Y., Hao, Y., Celia, M., Elliot, T., Choi, H., Bielicki, J. Analysis of Operational Strategies for Utilizing CO2 for Geothermal Energy Production. in 38th Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering. https://pangea.stanford.edu/ERE/pdf/IGAstandard/SGW/2013/Buscheck.pdf, (2 2013).
  • Randolph, J., Saar, M., Bielicki, J. Geothermal Energy Production at Geologic CO2 Sequestration Sites: Impact of Thermal Drawdown on Reservoir Pressure. in 11th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2013.06.595, (5 2013).
  • Bielicki, J.M.; Pollak, M.F.; Wilson, E.J.; Fitts, J.P. et al. "A methodology for monetizing basin-scale leakage risk and stakeholder impacts." (12 2013).
  • Pollak, M.F.; Bielicki, J.M.; Dammel, J.A.; Wilson, E.J. et al. "The Leakage Impact Valuation (LIV) Method for Leakage from Geologic CO2 Storage Reservoirs." (1 2013).
  • Randolph, J.B.; Saar, M.O.; Bielicki, J. "Geothermal energy production at geologic CO2 sequestration sites: Impact of thermal drawdown on reservoir pressure." (12 2013).
  • Bielicki, J.M.; Pollak, M.F.; Wilson, E.J.; Fitts, J.P. et al. "A Methodology for Monetizing Basin-Scale Leakage Risk and Stakeholder Impacts." in International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Technologies (GHGT). (1 2013).
  • Buscheck, T.A., Chen, M., Hao, Y., Bielicki, J.M., Randolph, J.B., Sun, Y., Choi, H. Multi-Fluid Geothermal Energy Production and Storage in Stratigraphic Reservoirs. in 37th Geothermal Resources Council Meeting. https://e-reports-ext.llnl.gov/pdf/755658.pdf, (10 2013).

2011

  • Middleton, R.S.; Bielicki, J.M.; Keating, G.N.; Pawar, R.J. "Jumpstarting CCS using refinery CO2 for enhanced oil recovery." (5 2011).
  • Kuby, M.J.; Middleton, R.S.; Bielicki, J.M. "Analysis of cost savings from networking pipelines in CCS infrastructure systems." (5 2011).
  • Kuby, M.J.; Middleton, R.S.; Bielicki, J.M. "Analysis of cost savings from networking pipelines in CCS infrastructure systems." in 10th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies. (1 2011).
  • Middleton, R.S.; Bielicki, J.M.; Keating, G.N.; Pawar, R.J. "Jumpstarting CCS using refinery CO2 for enhanced oil recovery." (1 2011).
  • Kuby, M., Middleton, R., Bielicki, J. Analysis of Cost Savings from Networking Pipelines in CCS Infrastructure Systems. in 10th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2011.02.185, (1 2011).
  • Middleton, R., Bielicki, J., Keating, G., Pawar, R. Jumpstarting CCS Using Refinery CO2 for Enhanced Oil Recovery. in 10th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2011.02.105, (1 2011).
  • Kuby, M.J.; Middleton, R.S.; Bielicki, J.M. "Analysis of cost savings from networking pipelines in CCS infrastructure systems." (1 2011).
  • Middleton, R.S.; Bielicki, J.M.; Keating, G.N.; Pawar, R.J. "Jumpstarting CCS using refinery CO2 for enhanced oil recovery." in 10th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies. (1 2011).

2009

  • Stephens, J.C.; Bielicki, J.; Rand, G.M. "Learning about carbon capture and storage: Changing stakeholder perceptions with expert information." (1 2009).
  • Stephens, J.C.; Bielicki, J.; Rand, G.M. "Learning about carbon capture and storage: Changing stakeholder perceptions with expert information." (2 2009).
  • Middleton, R.S.; Bielicki, J.M. "A comprehensive carbon capture and storage infrastructure model." (2 2009).
  • Bielicki, J. Spatial Clustering and Carbon Capture and Storage Deployment. in 9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2009.01.221, (1 2009).
  • Middleton, R., Bielicki, J. A Comprehensive Carbon Capture and Storage Infrastructure Model. in 9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2009.01.211, (1 2009).
  • Middleton, R.S.; Bielicki, J.M. "A comprehensive carbon capture and storage infrastructure model." in 9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies. (1 2009).
  • Bielicki, J.M. "Spatial Clustering and Carbon Capture and Storage Deployment." (1 2009).
  • Middleton, R.S.; Bielicki, J.M. "A comprehensive carbon capture and storage infrastructure model." (1 2009).
  • Bielicki, J.M. "Spatial clustering and carbon capture and storage deployment." (2 2009).
  • Stephens, J.C.; Bielicki, J.; Rand, G.M. "Learning about carbon capture and storage: Changing stakeholder perceptions with expert information." in 9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies. (1 2009).
  • Bielicki, J.M. "Spatial Clustering and Carbon Capture and Storage Deployment." in 9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies. (1 2009).
  • Stephens, J., Bielicki, J., Rand, G. Learning About Carbon Capture and Storage: Changing Stakeholder Perceptions with Expert Information. in 9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2009.02.288, (1 2009).

2008

Unknown

  • Hunter, K., Bielicki, J., Middleton, R., Stauffer, P., Harp, D., Pawar, R., Martinez, D. "Integrated CO2 Storage and Brine Production." in 13th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies.
  • Langenfeld, J., Bielicki, J., Tao, Z., Middleton, R., Menefee, A., Clarens, A. "Response of Integrated Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Systems in Saline Aquifers and Fractured Shale Formations to Changes in Capture Costs." in 13th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies.
  • Middleton, R., Levine, J., Bielicki, J., Stauffer, P. "Industrial CO2 and Carbon Capture: Near-Term Benefit, Long-Term Necessity." in 13th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies.
  • Ogland-Hand, J., Bielicki, J., Buscheck, T. "The Value of CO2-Bulk Energy Storage to Reducing CO2." in 13th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies.
  • Buscheck, T., Bielicki, J., White, J., Sun, Y., Hao, Y., Bourcier, W., Carroll, S., Aines, R. "Managing Geologic CO2 Storage with Pre-Injection Brine Production in Tandem Reservoirs.." in 13th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies.
  • Buscheck, T., Bielicki, J., Randolph, J. "CO2 Earth Storage: Enhanced Geothermal Energy and Water Recovery and Energy Storage." in 13th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies.
  • Dai, Z., Zhang, Y., Stauffer, P., Xiao, T., Zhang, M., Ampomah, W., Yang, C., Zhou, Y., Ding, M., Middleton, R. Soltanian, M. R., Bielicki, J., "Injectivity Evaluation for Offshore CO2 Sequestration in Marine Sediments." in 13th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies.
  • Langenfeld, J., Bielicki, J. "Assessment of Integrated Carbon Dioxide Capture, Utilization and Storage Systems in Geothermal Reservoirs." in 13th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies.
  • Bielicki, J., Deng, H., Fitts, J., Peters, C., Wilson, E. "Monetizing Leakage Risk with Secondary Trapping in Intervening Strategraphic Layers." in 13th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies.
  • Garapati, N., Adams, B., Bielicki, J., Schädle, P., Randolph, J., Kuehn, T., Saar, M. "A Hybrid Geothermal Energy Conversion Technology – A Potential Solution for Shallow Geothermal Resources." in 13th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies.