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Room to Roam: Y2Y Wildlife Movements


Y2Y region
The extended Room2Roam project region, with protected areas throughout the region and surrounding areas shown in purple.

The Yellowstone to Yukon (Y2Y) migration corridor runs across 3,200 kilometers from western Wyoming, USA to the northern reaches of the Yukon, Canada. Following along the Rocky Mountains, this swath of land contains intact mountain, forest and grassland ecosystems and continues to support the movements of large mammals and migratory birds, such as grizzly bears, caribou, and golden eagles, that require free passage over large ranges and at specific areas across the region where they spend time during parts of the year, such as for migration and breeding. The Y2Y region is a mosaic of protected and unprotected land, including protected government parks, managed wildlands and national forests, Indigenous territories, privately managed conservation easements, as well as private property and infrastructure that are not maintained for conservation. The photograph above shows moose in Yellowstone National Park, at the southern end of the Y2Y (photo credit: Jacob W. Frank).

Our Ohio State-led project, Room to Roam: Y2Y Wildlife Movements, began in fall 2021. Working across an extended Y2Y region that encompasses the boreal caribou in the northeast, we are developing a common animal movement data archive for the Y2Y and building tools to improve wildlife management, evaluate the effectiveness of protected areas, assess migration and movement connectivity, and identify priority conservation strategies. Our team is a coalition of those building these tools—including quantitative ecologists, application developers, data managers, and outreach specialists—and those who will use them—wildlife and protected area managers, government and tribal agencies, ecologists, and groups promoting conservation within the region.

This project is funded through the NASA Ecological Forecasting Program (grant 80NSSC21K1182).



Through this project, our team will:


By implementing this project on platforms that are available worldwide, the tools we develop for this project will be freely available to support efforts within other migration corridors. The archive will support others in conducting large-scale, long-term, and multi-species analyses addressing critical research questions in support of wildlife management efforts in the region, contribute to biodiversity assessments, and provide a baseline against which to detect early signals of local or large-scale ecosystem changes.

Example MoveApps workflow
Example of a MoveApps workflow, allowing wildlife managers to easily and interactively access, prepare and analyze data, and immediately view results (data from Smith, 2019,

Animal tracking for wildlife management

Why do wildlife managers track animals? How can data from animal-borne sensors be used for managing and conserving animal populations? And what are the challenges to making best use of this information? Here are some stories from our project partners.


Understanding the elusive sharp-shinned hawk


Sharp-shinned hawk equipped with an ICARUS transmitter by HawkWatch International (photo credit Jesse Watson)
Sharp-shinned hawk equipped with an ICARUS transmitter to document its migratory movements and behavior. (Photo credit: Jesse Watson, HawkWatch International)

HawkWatch International, a non-profit organization dedicated to conserving raptors and the environments we share with them, is tracking sharp-shinned hawks to gain an understanding of their migratory movements and behaviors throughout the Y2Y region. In the past, this species' small size and elusiveness limited possibilities to learn about their movements throughout the year. In 2021, they were able to capture sharp-shinned hawks at fall migration sites across western North America and equip them with ICARUS transmitters.

The ICARUS Initiative is using mini-transmitters and a novel data transmission system to build a global collaborative network for monitoring animals and their environments. Technological advancements, such as smaller tag sizes, more efficient data transmission, and novel sensors that can be incorporated into tags, provide researchers and conservation groups with new opportunities to learn what animals are doing throughout the year and throughout their lives, in particular for small species.






Supporting efforts to reverse caribou population declines


Female caribou and calf from the Chisana herd in a maternal pen. (Photo credit: Kathi Egli, Yukon Government, Department of Environment
A female caribou and her calf from the Chisana herd spend time inside the maternal pen set up by Yukon and Alaska management agencies, 2005. (Photo credit: Kathi Egli, Caribou Program Technician, Yukon Government, Department of Environment)

The Chisana caribou herd, part of the Northern Mountain population of woodland caribou, has experienced a long and steady decline in population. From 2003 to 2006, the wildlife management agencies of Yukon and Alaska conducted a recovery effort designed to increase recruitment and calf survival.

Pregnant cows were captured and enclosed within a holding pen during the last weeks of gestation and a few weeks following calving. Tracking animals with collars allows the agencies to monitor the movements and fate of the caribou following their release.


Results so far

See what we are working on!

  • Our Room2Roam Animal Tracking Archive is under development. We are designing discovery tools to learn about participating projects and connect with partners in the region that are running the research studies and monitoring programs for which these data are collected.
  • The ECODATA software packages support exploration and analysis of animal tracking, remote sensing and other geospatial data datasets, including custom animated visualizations of tracking and environmental data.
  • Developments on MoveApps include new apps and workflows, such as the Barrier Interaction Behaviour Analysis App and a preliminary workflow for analysis of habitat use with Resource Selection Functions.

Get involved!

As we grow this project, we will invite other organizations, researchers and governments involved in wildlife management and conservation, or related decision making within the Y2Y region. To try out the free tools we are developing, register at Movebank and MoveApps. We also welcome you to reach out to us directly to join. To learn more, contact the project's principal investigator, Professor Gil Bohrer.